Stocks vs Mutual Fund investing Thursday, Apr 11, 2019
Many-a-times we are often stuck at making big or small decisions. It could be something as life defining as what should I become? - A doctor or an engineer? Or something as trivial as which dessert should I binge on? - A cake or a gulab jamun? Or one of the most important decisions of them all as to where do I invest my money - Stock markets? Bank FDs? Gold? or somewhere else?
When it comes to stocks which one should you pick up? An IT or Pharma or Automobile, or which stocks particularly? To avoid this confusion, Mutual Funds come to your rescue!
What is a Mutual Fund?
A Mutual fund is a vehicle to mobilize money from investors, to invest in different markets and securities, in line with the investment objectives agreed upon between the mutual fund and the investors. There are several avenues in which all mutual funds invest – like equities or the stock markets, fixed income or the debt markets, gold etc. If you look at investing in stocks, the mutual fund route (equity mutual funds) makes your task more convenient, as all you have to do is to invest in a scheme and leave the rest to the fund manager. Fund Managers are experienced and skilled professionals, who conduct investment research and analyze the performance and prospects of various instruments before selecting a particular investment. Thus, by investing in mutual funds, you can avail of the services of professional fund managers, which would otherwise be costly for an individual investor.
What people will tell you, and they are right when they say it, is that if you have the time, the resources, the knowledge and the expertise to invest in equities yourself then do so. But if you don’t have, in adequate measure, even one of the above then you may rely on a professional fund manager to take care of your investments.
Therefore if you have chosen to invest in equities through mutual funds, it is probably time for you to decide which scheme you need to purchase.
So let us help you solve this dilemma by telling you about the types of Equity funds there are in the equity market and what they do. We hope that this may help you reach your investment decision.
There are six broad categories of Equity Funds -
1. Diversified Equity Funds - Diversified equity fund is a category of funds that invest in a diverse mix of securities that cut across sectors. So you will essentially have a ‘mixed bag’ of stocks that cut across all sectors that make up the market.
2. Sector Funds - Sector funds invest in only a specific sector e.g. pharma, automobile, FMCG etc
3. Thematic Funds - Thematic funds invest in line with an investment theme. The investment is more broad-based than a sector fund; but narrower than a diversified equity fund. E.g. infrastructure which could include cement, steel stocks etc. or healthcare which could include pharma, chemicals, hospitals etc.
4. Equity Linked Savings Schemes - Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) offer tax benefits to investors under section 80C.
5. Equity Income or Dividend Yield Schemes - Equity income / Dividend yield schemes invest in shares with high dividends.
6. Arbitrage Funds - Arbitrage funds take contrary positions in different markets / securities, such that the risk is neutralized, but a return is earned.
Sector funds or thematic funds, concentrate more on specific sectors hence have the potential for higher returns if that sector does well, but the risk is also that much higher in case that sector does poorly.
However, a diversified equity fund on other hand generally does not face these shortcomings. It invests across companies in various sectors of the economy like BFSI, Infrastructure, Telecom, IT, FMCG, etc. By diversifying investments the fund minimizes the risk of over concentration in specific sectors.
Always remember the old adage "Diversification of investment does help if done systematically considering the asset allocation and goals of an investor."
However, investments in all mutual funds are subject to market risks. Please note that like equities - equity funds too are 'risky' but they have potential to create wealth out of your savings in the long term. While the risk factor is always higher with equities, one should not ignore the probability of gaining larger returns from them over a longer period of time.
We hope that this article would have helped clear any confusion on stock picking and will help you to invest in equity markets. Remember to always consult your financial advisor to help you with your investments.
Disclaimer, Statutory Details & Risk Factors:
The views expressed here in this article / video are for general information and reading purpose only and do not constitute any guidelines and recommendations on any course of action to be followed by the reader. Quantum AMC / Quantum Mutual Fund is not guaranteeing / offering / communicating any indicative yield on investments made in the scheme(s). The views are not meant to serve as a professional guide / investment advice / intended to be an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial product or instrument or mutual fund units for the reader. The article has been prepared on the basis of publicly available information, internally developed data and other sources believed to be reliable. Whilst no action has been solicited based upon the information provided herein, due care has been taken to ensure that the facts are accurate and views given are fair and reasonable as on date. Readers of this article should rely on information/data arising out of their own investigations and advised to seek independent professional advice and arrive at an informed decision before making any investments.
Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks read all scheme related documents carefully.
Please visit – www.QuantumMF.com to read scheme specific risk factors. Investors in the Scheme(s) are not being offered a guaranteed or assured rate of return and there can be no assurance that the schemes objective will be achieved and the NAV of the scheme(s) may go up and down depending upon the factors and forces affecting securities market. Investment in mutual fund units involves investment risk such as trading volumes, settlement risk, liquidity risk, default risk including possible loss of capital. Past performance of the sponsor / AMC / Mutual Fund does not indicate the future performance of the Scheme(s). Statutory Details: Quantum Mutual Fund (the Fund) has been constituted as a Trust under the Indian Trusts Act, 1882. Sponsor: Quantum Advisors Private Limited. (liability of Sponsor limited to Rs. 1,00,000/-) Trustee: Quantum Trustee Company Private Limited. Investment Manager: Quantum Asset Management Company Private Limited. The Sponsor, Trustee and Investment Manager are incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956.